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|موضوع: This, That, These, Those الإثنين 30 يوليو 2012, 9:07 am|| |
This, That, These, Those
Demonstratives are used to point out a particular item. They are as follows:This
(indicates something close to the speaker) That
(indicates something away from the speaker)These
(indicates some things close to the speaker) Those
(indicates some things away from the speaker)Example:
A: What is this
? (pointing to something held in the speaker's hand or near the speaker)
B: A pencil.
A: What is that
? (pointing to something at a distance from the speaker)
B: A tree.
Remember that demonstratives are used in reference to the speaker
. (What is near
"you" may not be near "me" and vice versa.)
A: What's that you're holding?
B: This is an egg. Here, catch!
B: That's a mess.
A: What are these (holding up a pair of slippers)
B: Those are slippers.
Be sure to use this/that
with singular and non-count nouns and these/those
with count nouns.
|This orange is sour. || ||These oranges are sweet. |
|That truck is full. || ||Those trucks are empty. |
|This milk is fresh. || || |
Sometimes demonstratives can be used as pronouns (to refer to a particular noun.)
|Give me that! || ||Whose are these? |
|Give me that (spoon). || ||Whose are these (socks)? |
can also be used with one
. However, these
are more commonly used alone.
|I want this one. || ||I want these. (not these ones) |
|I'll take that one. || ||I'll take those. |
On the telephone, this
are used differently in British and American English to identify callers.Example:
|Receiver: || ||Hello. |
|Caller: || ||I was wondering if you would be interested in buying . . . |
|Receiver: || ||Who is this? (American) |
| || ||Who is that? (British) |
| || ||(Both expressions are used to ask the caller to identify himself/herself.) |
|Caller: || ||This is Mr. Fuller from the Acme Brush Company. |
| || ||(Same for both British and American English) |
|Caller: || ||Hi Jack. Long time no see! |
|Receiver: || ||Is this Bob? What a surprise! (American) |
| || ||Is that Bob? What a surprise! (British) |